Author：Baby & Adult Diaper Materials FROM：Diaper Materials Manufacturer TIME：2023-03-03
With the development and progress of society, people's hygiene awareness is gradually strengthened, hygiene products are developing rapidly, and printed film in roll is also increasingly popular in the hygiene products market. This article briefly describes the breathability mechanism of printed film in roll, and how to test its breathability and safety.
The polyolefin microporous breathable membrane is made of polyolefin base material filled with inorganic filler, and is made by extrusion and stretching (MDO) film forming process.
Polyolefin microporous breathable membranes commonly used in the hygiene industry are made of polyethylene base material and calcium carbonate. Calcium carbonate with a particle size of 1.5-8 µm is selected, and the content does not exceed 55% by mass.
The membrane has a moisture-permeable effect, the key lies in its special surface and interlayer structure. It has a unique microporous structure. There are thousands of air permeable micropores distributed on every square centimeter of the film. These highly densely distributed micropores with special structure on the film can not only block the leakage of liquid, but also allow water vapor molecules It can pass through smoothly, so it has the function of breathable and impermeable.
(1) Air permeability detection
Generally, there are two detection methods for air permeability, namely the weight gain method and the weight loss method.
The weight gain method is to add a certain amount of anhydrous calcium chloride into the container, seal it with the film to be tested, and measure the increase in the mass of anhydrous calcium chloride in the container after placing it under certain conditions for a certain period of time. The weight loss method is to add a certain amount of distilled water to the container, seal it with the film to be measured, and measure the reduced mass of distilled water in the container after placing it under certain conditions for a certain period of time.
The final test result is converted into the mass of the moisture permeating the air permeable film per unit area in 24 hours to represent the air permeability of the film.
(2) Security testing
The safety of the membrane (leakage resistance), the industry generally uses a fabric hydrostatic pressure tester to measure the hydrostatic pressure resistance of the membrane to indicate its leakage resistance. However, it turns out that a single hydrostatic pressure resistance index cannot fully represent the leakage resistance of the membrane, and one-sided pursuit of hydrostatic pressure resistance will increase the risk of leakage and cause consumer complaints.
To this end, we introduce a new evaluation metric "permeability". There are two test methods for this indicator: one is to use filter paper as a carrier, add the test liquid, cover a layer of the membrane to be tested, put a layer of toilet paper on top, put a weight on it, and measure how much the test liquid can pass through the membrane and be the most The toilet paper on the upper layer is absorbed; the other is to use the absorbent body (sanitary napkin) as a carrier, add artificial blood, place the membrane to be tested below, put a layer of filter paper under the membrane, and put a weight on the top to measure how much artificial blood permeates. The membrane is absorbed by the filter paper. Experiments show that the permeability measured by these two methods is more indicative of security.
As one of the raw materials of hygiene products, with the development of society, printed film in roll is more and more widely used in the field of hygiene products. Understanding its air permeability mechanism, as well as its air permeability and safety testing methods will help people use printed film in roll better.
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